Periodontal disease is a serious progressive dental condition affecting the gums and affects millions of Americans every year as they become closer to loosing their teeth. As it progresses the sulcus (pocket or space) that exist between the tooth and gums becomes filled with bacteria and plaque. This buildup including the buildup of tartar can cause irritation to the patients surrounding tissues. The existence of these irritants in the pocket space can cause severe damage to the gums and will eventually damage the bone that supports the tooth. That is why an aggressive plan must be taken when it is found that a patient has an existing case of periodontal disease.
In the early stages of the disease if it is caught early enough and damage is to the gums and bones is not significant then the dentist will recommend one or two cleanings. He will also give you detailed instructions on how to improve your daily oral hygiene and will recommend regular cleanings. If the patients disease has progressed to the advanced stage then the dentist will recommend a special cleaning called ‘scaling and root planing’. The procedure is usually done one quadrant at a time while the area is numbed. In this procedure the dentist will remove tartar and plaque and any toxins that are below the gum-line (this is known as scaling) and rough spots on root surfaces are made smooth ( known as planing) . This process allows the gum tissue to heal and the pockets will gradually begin to shrink. At this point the dentist may recommend specialized dental medications, medicated mouth rinses and may advise the patient to use and electric toothbrush.
After a while the dentist will evaluate if the procedure has been effective. If not the dentist will recommend periodontal surgery - this is normally done to reduce the pocket depths and allowing the teeth to be cleaned more easily.
Do you have a dental emergency? A broken tooth or jaw pain due to a failed root canal. Steinway Family Dental Center is now open on Saturdays and Sundays so if you have been too busy during the week to make it to the dentist then we are open on Saturday from 9am - 5pm and Sunday from 10am - 3pm. If you are need of a teeth cleaning then take advantage of our new offer patient offer and we will be glad to accommodate you. Either call the office or make an appointment below through ZOCDOC. We will be happy to see you.